As a teacher, I had designed several courses for both campus and online programme. While designing courses, I considered the factors such as the aim of the course, what students are expected to learn, the level of the students, what the best scenario for lectures and exercise can be, etc., which are generally introduced in pedagogics. As a primary assessment, I asked a colleague to check the course and to give me feedback. By offering the course, annual evaluation conducted by students were used as a feedback to improve the course. What I learnt from topic 4 was the two interesting models: the Addie model (Bates, 2015) and the five step model (Salmon, 2016). Integrating these two approaches to come up with a framework for the scenario of topic 4 was also an interesting experience.

The Addie (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) model introduces a vey systematic approach starting from Analysing goals, learners and objectives and continues with Designing course format and creating instructional strategy. The Development phase includes creating sample instruction, development of course material, and conducting a run through. While the course is developed, the Implementation stage consists of training of trainers, prepare the learners and arrangement of the learning space. After offering the course two types of Evaluations: formative and summative are the last stages. Conducting an assessment at each stage is recommended.

The five step model (Salmon, 2016) is more about how to motivate students to use online learning tools. 1) Access & motivation, 2) Online socialisation (team building), 3) Information exchange, 4) Knowledge construction, and 5) Review are the main stages in this model.

In Group 3, we merged the “A” stage of the Addie model with stages 1 and 2 from the Five step model and the “D” stage of the Addie model with stages 3-5 (Group 3, 2016). Then we used this framework for designing an online course based on the scenario and other details that we discussed and decided in the group.



Bates, T. 2015. “Teaching in a Digital Age: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning”. Contact North Contact Nord

Salmon, G. 2016. The Five Stage Model. Retrieved 2016 November 20 from

Group 3, 2016. Topic 4: Design for online and blended learning,


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